The humane attitudes and actions toward living things preserves and strengthens our national heritage and the moral values we champion in the world. These were the expressed ideals of John F. Kennedy. The important task to widen our circle of compassion to embrace all living creatures and whole of nature and its beauty were the thoughts of Albert Einstein. Gandhi stated that the greatness of a nation and its moral progress could be judged by the way its animals are treated and the more helpless a creature, the more entitled it is to protection by man from the cruelty of man. Charles Darwin said that there is no fundamental difference between man and animals in that they feel pleasure, pain, happiness, and misery and that sympathy for animals is one of the noblest virtues with which man is endowed. Saint Francis of Assisi declared that when we exclude any of God's creatures from the shelter of compassion and pity, we will have men who will deal likewise with their fellow men. Many cultures around the world have voiced these sentiments throughout the ages, telling us that mankind has the capacity to be cruel, indifferent, and compassionate, with consequences to whatever path is chosen.